hebrews 7:1 commentary

This picks up the explanation where it stopped in Hebrews 5:11. The blessing which he pronounced on the patriarch is recorded. 1. Before he enters into this, Melchisedec and Christ are compared together, as being like each other in several circumstances. For, &c. — The apostle having promised to lead the believing Hebrews forward to the perfection of Christian knowledge, (Hebrews 6:1-4,) particularly with regard to the high-priesthood of Christ as typified by that of Melchisedec, which he had repeatedly mentioned, (namely, Hebrews 5:6; Hebrews 5:10; Hebrews 6:20,) as a figure of it he proceeds now to fulfil his promise; and, in order thereto, points out the deep meaning of the oath recorded Psalms 110:4. Hebrews 7:1-17. 7:4 But s… He appears an unlineal priest, without father, mother, or pedigree. What is here asserted concerning Melchizedek; namely, that he abideth a priest for ever; that is, things are so related concerning him in Scripture, as that there is no mention of the ending of the priesthood of his order. After the description of our Great High Priest, the Son of God (Ch. --The Holiest of All, An Exposition of Hebrews, Andrew Murray. and reading too much into the words. It is certain he was a man who lived by bread and wine, as well as Abraham, and received tithes from him becoming a man. But a special argument is made in connection with the priesthood of Melchisedec. 189; and esp., Boscawen’s First of Empires, c. Now this Melchisedec, king of Salem, was a priest of the most high God; who met Abraham returning from the overthrow of the kings, and blessed him; to whom Abraham also divided the tenth of all: being first indeed, by interpretation, King of righteousness, and then also King of Salem, which is, King of Peace; without father, without mother, without decent, having no beginning of days or end of life, but. I. He had well earned the benediction by his heroic expulsion of the invaders out of Palestine. Hebrews 7:1. οὗτος) The subject, namely, This man, who is mentioned ch. Such an occurrence was by no means improbable, nor would it have been attended with any special difficulty if it had not been for the use which the apostle makes of it in this Epistle. There I did not venture to affirm that Arioch is the same as Arius, and I am less disposed to do so now. Melchizedek, we read, "brought forth bread and wine: and he was priest of God Most High" (Gen. 14:18). He initiates it with a description of the state of Melchisedec’s order, from Hebrews 7:1-10; and then proceeds to apply it to Christ, from Hebrews 7:11-28. cometh to thee,” (Zechariah 2:10;). But it is of its excellence and dignity that he discourses here, and yet not absolutely, but in comparison with the Levitical priesthood, which method was both necessary, and directly conducive to his end. Hebrews 7:1-4 King James Version (KJV) 7 For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; 2 To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace; Observe, 2. Abraham was, at the time of meeting Melchizedek, returning from the region of Damascus to his home at Mamre, or Hebron, and would pass in the neighbourhood of Jerusalem. Abraham was a lonely Shemite, who had but lately come into the country, a brother, yet a foreigner; a brave sheik with a goodly band of followers, and a predicted progenitor of a great people; but as yet he was entirely inferior to a settled king in the land, like Melchizedek. This fact has special meaning to a Jew. Hebrews 7:1 - For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, who met Abraham as he was returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, on StudyLight.org Christ is a Priest, and He is a Man. Hebrews 7:1-17. The most high God - called also "Possessor of heaven and earth" (Genesis 14:19; Genesis 14:22). The Jews accepted the fact that Melchizedek was a true priest of the Most High God, even though he was not part of the Aaronic priesthood. , the description given in this verse is taken verbatim [with the needed grammatical alterations] from Genesis 14:17-19. But if Chedorlaomer, Amraphel, and Tidal were slain, though Arioch survived, "slaughter of the kings" is correct. Aaron was thus not a mere type. (110), The first likeness is in the name; for it was not without a mystery that he was called the King of righteousness. He had proved before, that Christ was far more excellent than Moses; that he was as properly called of God an high-priest as was Aaron; and that the Christian rest was promised also to the Jews: and now he undertakes to shew the dignity and excellence of the Christian high-priest to be infinitely superior to and greater than that of Aaron, or the Levitical high-priests. The second likeness which the Apostle states is as to the kingdom of peace. Another thousand years pass, and that single verse becomes the seed of the wondrous exposition, in this epistle, of the whole work of redemption as revealed in Christ Jesus. The object of the writer is, in reality, very simple—to deal with the question, What is the import of the divine utterance that David’s Lord is a “Priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek”? ’ . The first thing to note is that Melchizedek was both a king and a priest in the same person (7:1), which was not allowed in Israel. Whatsoever we receive signally from God, in a way of mercy, we ought to return a portion of it to him in a way of duty. Jerome maintained that Salem was situated near Scythopolis, where in his day were pointed out ruins of “Melchizedek’s palace.” Another tradition (probably of Samaritan origin) makes Mount Gerizim the place of meeting, in which case the city of Melchizedek would probably be near Shechem. And by accurately examining the particulars concerning Melchisedec, related in the Mosaic history, he shows that Melchisedec was a far more excellent priest than Aaron and all his sons, and consequently that Jesus, whom God had made a High-Priest for ever after the similitude of Melchisedec, exercised a priesthood both more acceptable to God, and more effectual for procuring the pardon of sin, than the priesthood which the sons of Aaron exercised under the law. Genesis 14:19-20. The king of Sodom is about to offer Abraham of the spoils of the victory, saying, "Give me the persons, and take the goods to thyself.". It may be that the result of these speculations has been to invest this chapter with a mystery which does not belong to it. In this blessing of Abraham by Melchizedek, all believers are virtually blessed by Jesus Christ: Melchizedek represented all his believing posterity, in what he then received. Melchizedek, as priest of God Most High, acts doubly: (1) He calls the blessing of God Most High upon Abraham; and then (2) he blesses God Most High. The Levitical priests were "after the order of Aaron." Jesus is a high priest forever, in the priestly order of Melchizedek. This the Fathers condemn; for had he not been a man, a king, and a priest, he would not have been so worthy a type of our Saviour. What the "order of Melchizedek" means as to Christ: In our sad "dullness of hearing" the "many things" that we find concerning Melchizedek are indeed "hard of interpretation." Abraham was, at the time of meeting Melchizedek, returning from the region of Damascus to his home at Mamre, or Hebron, and would pass in the neighbourhood of Jerusalem. Observe, 4. This Melchisedech. vi.] —Says Philo, “The Logos, who is shadowed forth by Melchizedek, is ‘Priest of the Most High;’ not as though there were other gods not most high, for God is as the One in heaven above, and in the earth beneath, and there is none besides him.”, This picks up the explanation where it stopped in, but part of the problem is failing to understand the. 16:20). 9. Another sacerdotal act, or exercise of priestly power ascribed to Melchizedek, is, that he received of Abraham tithes of all; the one paid them in a way duty, the other received them in a way of office. Hebrews 7:1-10, The True King of Righteousness - Duration: 59:24. As Abraham. All readers of the Old Testament know it was predicted that the "other priest" (verse11) was to be more like Melchisedec than Aaron. That is, he was King of righteousness as Christ first answered at the Cross all righteous claims against us; and second King of peace: Christ is our peace: "Being therefore justified by faith, we have peace with God." Hebrews 7:1-3 Melchizedek and Jesus Christ (1) Genesis 14:17-20 Melchizedek and Jesus Christ (2) Hebrews 7:1-10 Melchizedek and Jesus Christ (3) Hebrews 7:11-19 Melchizedek and Jesus Christ (4) Hebrews 7:20-28 The Exalted Status of Our High Priest; Hebrews 8:1-13 Hebrews and the New Covenant; Hebrews 9:1-10 The Sanctuary and the Services Ian Mackervoy. Hebrews 7:1. King ... priest. Again, Christ was a high priest after the order of Melchisedec; if then he were Melchisedec he was made a high priest after his own order. Melchizedek, in Genesis, suddenly appears upon the historic stage, without antecedents or consequents. This reminds us that throughout the New Testament, especially in Hebrews and the Revelation, we see that Christ's enemies are to be put beneath His feet as the first step in the establishment of the kingdom. 2:12). (7:1; Genesis 14:1-24) From the booty he and his slaves had taken from the invaders, Abraham gave a tenth of everything to Melchizedek. “And when he makes peace between the kings he bears the title, ‘Shahe-Soolkh,’ king of peace, in Hebrew, Melek-Salem.” But the best ancient Jewish authorities, the Targums and Josephus, agree that Salem here is an ancient name of Jerusalem. Our opinion is, that Melchizedek was nobody but himself; himself as simply narrated in, ; in which narrative both David, in Psalms 110, , and our author after him, find every point they specify in making him a king-priest, typical of the king-priesthood of Christ. 7:2 To him also Abraham apportioned a tithe of everything. In the Amarna tablets Urusalim is used and no trace is found of any name corresponding to Jebus. He is a king-priest not of Judaism, but of Gentilism universally. See Bleek, who contends that Jerusalem cannot be meant because Jebus was its old name. Jesus is a high priest forever, in the priestly order of Melchizedek. 7:15, 17, 24, and 27--"when He offered up Himself": these verses concern Christ after the order of Melchizedek! Discussion Questions. Melchisedec is set forth as a type of Christ, hence it was fitting to connect him with a place signifying "peace." See last note above. To such a degree is the antiquity of the Assyrians uncertain abroad, which L. Offerhaus speciously discusses in the second book of his Spicilegia.— εὐλογήσας) LXX. Melchizedek is revealed, in his person and ministry, to Abraham, the great-grandfather of Levi, Aaron's ancestor. Hebrews 7:1 For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, who met Abraham as he was returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, (NASB: Lockman) Greek : Houtos gar o Melchisedek, basileus Salem, hiereus tou theou tou hupsistou, o sunantesas ( AAPMSN ) Abraam hupostrephonti ( PAPMSD ) apo tes kopes ton basileon kai eulogesas ( AAPMSN ) auton, ... As "possessor of heaven and earth," the most high God has and exercises authority in both spheres: (a) the heavenly authority of El Elyon (e.g.) But, he comes from the wrong Tribe! And therefore Zechariah, when he introduces him, as by the solemn decree of God, into the possession of his kingdom, thus extols him, —, “Rejoice, O daughter of Sion, Behold thy righteous King We must take the narrative of Moses just as it stands. This title, "the Most High," handed down by tradition from primitive revelation, appears in the Phoenician [ `Elyown (Hebrew #5946)]. “the Most High God” is found in the mouth of Demoniacs, Mark 5:7; Luke 8:28; cf. Hebrews 7:23-25 from the unchangeableness. He received tithes of Abraham: unto whom Abraham, the patriarch, gave a tenth out of the chief spoils (vs. 4). In N.T. Between the subject Melchizedek and the verb , there are inserted five historical facts taken from Genesis 14, with their interpretation. Among the kings conquered by Joshua, no king of Salem distinct from Jerusalem is mentioned. 2), Who, as such, is to have all things subjected to Him, it is emphasized at the close of Chapter 2, that, having suffered, having been tempted, "He is able to succor them that are tempted." 1:1 In the past God spoke to our forefathers through the prophets at many times and in various ways, 2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, ... 7:1 This Melchizedek was king of Salem and priest of God Most High. About, more puerile speculation has been written, extending from Hierax to Alford, than has been expended upon any human character in Scripture. 5:6, 10; 6:20; 7:17). slaughter = defeat, or smiting. Commentary on Hebrews 1:4-14 (Read Hebrews 1:4-14) Many Jews had a superstitious or idolatrous respect for angels, because they had received the law and other tidings of the Divine will by their ministry. 'Da 4:35,37 Isa 14:13,14 Mt 28:18" (b) the earthly authority of El Elyon (e.g.) FULL UNFOLDING OF THE HIGH PRIESTHOOD, Hebrews 7:1 to Hebrews 10:18. We hear God say of Christ, "Thou art a Priest forever After the order of Melchizedek" (Chs. The Judaizers in those days were very busy in trying to force the Mosaic system upon Christians, claiming it to be still in force. After Melchizedek, "priest of God Most High, brought forth bread and wine" ... and blessed Abram in Genesis 14, God waits a thousand years, and then Melchizedek appears in Psalm 110:4, where God says: "Jehovah hath sworn, and will not repent: Thou art a Priest forever After the order of Melchizedek.". is the ancient name of this city. Hebrews 7:1. That had the promises - The promise that he should have a numerous posterity; that in him all the nations of the earth should be blessed; see Hebrews 6:12-16 . Hebrews 7:1 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 7:1, NIV : "This Melchizedek was king of Salem and priest of God Most High. Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life: a High Priest after the order of Melchisedec. Abraham, the depositary of the Divine promises is met by Melchizedek, "king of Salem ... priest of God Most High ... Possessor of Heaven and earth" (Gen. 14:18, 19). . "For it was the good pleasure (of the Trinity) that in Him (Christ) should all the fullness dwell; and through Him to reconcile all things unto Himself, having made peace through the blood of His Cross ... whether things upon the earth, or things in the heavens" (Col. 1:19-20). This was, probably, Jerusalem, but of this we can have no certainty, nor is it of the smallest importance in order to our entering into the meaning of the Apostle. In the same way, many Christians are hung up on intellectual issues that couldbe resolved, allowing them to move o… King of Salem.—Jewish tradition affirms strongly that this Salem occupied the site on which Jerusalem afterwards stood; and certainly Salem is a poetic name of Jerusalem (Psalms 76:2). But for some reason, the author of Hebrews passes over the easy parallel and focuses on some things that most of us would have missed. (See Isaiah 9:6.). Greek. Priest of the most high God—A dignitary of high rank; both king and priest, worshipping the true God with acceptable rites before the apostasy of Ham had, in this region, established idolatry. It is true Christ in the character of the angel Jehovah, the angel of the Covenant, appeared in the likeness of man to the patriarch, but Christ was not incarnate till he was born of Mary, and therefore could not be a priest; for every high priest is represented as taken from among men, chap, and it "behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest," chap 2:17, not merely having the appearance of a Prayer of Manasseh, but being actually such. So had God prepared in Melchizedek a wondrous prophecy of His Son, Whose right to the priesthood lay in no earthly birth. Dec 8, 1996. 14.). 2. Intimating him to be somewhat excessive to other great ones: and how much greater then must be Christ, if his type be so great! ’s background (1-3) II. Scripture: Hebrews 7:1–25. 3.) Thus by tithes Abraham confessed Melchizedek's superiority, for (vs. 7): Without any dispute the less is blessed of the better. 23.)". The person spoken of described by his name, Melchizedek to be Shem the Son of Noah; but this cannot be, because of his genealogy is exactly set down by Moses. "(a) The Lord (Jehovah) is known to a 'Gentile' king (Melchizedek) by the name 'most high god' El Elyon. Hebrews 7:1 New International Version (NIV) Melchizedek the Priest. Melchizedek was king-priest: king before priest. 14), the king in heroic times was general, judge and priest. The conviction of Calvin and a host of careful commentators is a true one, that his having neither beginning of days nor end of life is a descriptive clause of the same character as without father, without mother, without genealogy. The patriarchs before the law, the Jews under the law, and the Christians in times of the gospel, have all paid this proportion: From whence some have concluded, that as the seventh part of our time, so the tenth part of our goods and estates were given to God from the beginning, as Lord of all our time, and proprietor of our estate. He is a king-priest not of Judaism, but of Gentilism universally. “And when he makes peace between the kings he bears the title, ‘Shahe-Soolkh,’ king of peace, in Hebrew, Melek-Salem.” But the best ancient Jewish authorities, the Targums and Josephus, agree that, here is an ancient name of Jerusalem. But Boscawen (First of Empires, p. 179) disputes the identification of Amraphel with Khammurabi. I. So in the only other cases in which it is found in the New Testament-namely, the demoniac and the divining damsel confessing other gods are false, and God alone is to be exalted (Mark 5:7; Acts 16:17). The topics by which he proves this, are, that the same priest now abideth always, and does not die, as the Aaronical priests do; and that he has no sins of his own to offer for, as they had. a High Priest after the order of Melchisedec, and declared to be so by his entrance within the veil in heaven at his ascension, he reasoneth it out by showing what this Melchisedec was. John Piper Dec 1, 1996 433 Shares Sermon. The Apostle had repeatedly spoken of Christ as our high priest, chapter 2:17, 3:1, 4:14, 15, 5:5, 6. Lastly, on any other principle than that of “designed” typical relation, it is difficult, if not impossible, to give any just account of the remarkable omissions, the apparently studied silence, in the history of Melchizedek, in regard to those things that are commonly related in notices of lives, however brief. Of the facts recorded in Genesis none are passed over, except the gift of bread and wine; the blessing also is mentioned in general terms only. (Of course, as Son of God He had none! By his wise providence it came to pass, first, that both his name and that of the place where he reigned should be typical of Christ’s character and office, verse Hebrews 7:2; secondly, that the inspired record should give his priesthood without any such limitations in respect to descent as belonged to the Levitical priesthood, and also without any notice of either the beginning or end of his life and priesthood, verses Hebrews 7:3; Hebrews 7:6; Hebrews 7:8; thirdly, that he should bless Abraham, the father of all the faithful, and receive tithes from him, in both which things was made manifest Melchisedec’s official superiority over him, and consequently over all his children, none of whom could pretend to be in dignity above him, verses Hebrews 7:4; Hebrews 7:6-7. Again, on the Cross He "offered Himself" (Heb. verse 15) may be translated. It is thus not in his actual unknown reality, but in the Scripture. This same Jerusalem, where dwelt the Hebrews to whom this epistle was addressed, was the dwelling-place of the type of our great High Priest, as afterward, the chosen “dwelling-place” of Jehovah. He met Abraham returning from the defeat of … Scripture: Hebrews 7:26–8:5. Calvary South Denver 8,113 views. Not a mere wish, but authoritative intercession as a priest. It is indeed no wonder that he dwells so minutely on this subject. None went before him, and none succeeded him in his office. Blessed him. 59:24. But though Melchizedek, as a man, had father and mother, yet as a priest he had no predecessor nor successor; no predecessor from whom he might by birth receive his sacerdotal power; no successor who derived his priesthood from him: Now herein also was Melchizedek, and illustrious type of Christ, who derived his priesthood from no mortal predecessor from whom he might by birth receive his sacerdotal power; no successor who derived his priesthood, together with his kingdom, to God the Father, who gave him both. The ideal priesthood is also that of a king. There are other Salems mentioned as competitors for this honour, but their claims are very slender. . Some Account of Melchizedec. Slaughter, [ kopees (Greek #2871)] defeat (Alford). Numbers 6:22; Numbers 6:27. "May God teach us to know what it means that Christ is our Melchizedek, a Priest forever. And blessed him: it was an act of his sacerdotal office, such as God enjoined on such officers afterwards in Numbers 6:23-27, and not a common wish and desire only. It is indeed the Eternal Spirit, the Spirit of Christ Himself, through Whom all was wrought and in due time recorded. This was a part of the duty of a priest in Israel. And blessed him - Blessed him as a priest of God; blessed him in such a manner as to imply acknowledged superiority; see Hebrews 7:1. And since a person would need to be greater than another in order to be able to bless him (verse7), this circumstance shows that even their father Abraham was not as great a person as Melchisedec. This is to misread the type. A vital principle to remember concerning the Old and New Covenants is that what did not originate with the Old Covenant did not die with it.The gist of the argument in Hebrews 7 is that, since the Levitical priesthood has no authority under the New Covenant, the ritual laws pertaining to the priesthood are no longer valid. WE MUST SAY EARNESTLY that in view of these words concerning Melchizedek in Chapter 5:11: "Of whom we have many things to say, and hard of interpretation," we need to approach this subject with earnest prayer for light and for wisdom from Heaven. The summary of this chapter is: Christ, as is shown by the type Melchisedec, who was greater than Abraham himself, from whom Levi is descended, has a priesthood truly excellent, new, perfect, stedfast, everlasting.— βασιλεὺς— ἱερεὺς, king—priest) Christ is also both.— ἱερεὺς τοῦ θεοῦ ὑψίστου) So the LXX., Genesis 14:18; that is, Priest of the Most High GOD.— ὁ συναντήσας ἀβραὰμ ὑποστρέφοντι ἀπὸ τῆς κοπῆς) The LXX., ibid. Hebrews 7:20-22 from the confirmation of Christ’s priesthood by an oath. The Jews made great claim of being related to Abraham, yet this verse (citing Genesis 14:18-20) shows that Melchisedec blessed Abraham. Study the bible online using commentary on Hebrews 7 and more! This "order" is contrasted in Chapter 7:11 with that of Aaron, as we shall see. Adonizedek ('lord of righteousness'), king of Jerusalem, was plainly a successor of Melchisedek. But it was Christ after the order of Melchizedek Who "offered up Himself," and thereafter appears in blessing, as did Melchizedek to Abram in Gen. The context explains the relationship between Jesus’ and Melchizedek’s priesthood, which is superior to the Levitical priesthood. The Predicate is, Hebrews 7:3, ἀπάτωρ— εἰς τὸ διηνεκὲς, without father—for ever. The greatness of this high priest is what he sets in their view, and that indefinitely: How great is this officer! But the account in Genesis is as simple a historical record as any other in the Bible. Outline: Hebrews 7:1-10. They were being tempted to return to Judaism and abandon their faith in Christ. a. Names, however, were frequently given on account of some quality or characteristic of the man: see the notes on. His place of residence was Salem, afterwards called Jerusalem, in the land of Canaan, Joshua 10:1. Hebrews 7:1-10 Christ, a Priest after the order of Melchisedec, is proved to be of a more excellent order than that of Aaron, from the character of Melchisedec, and his confessed superiority to Abraham and Levi, Hebrews 7:11-19 from the imperfection of the Levitical priesthood, which induced the necessity of a change to one more perfect, kope. Time has proved Josephus correct in saying Salem is Jerusalem. ’ “priest of the Most High God”. The time and circumstances of Melchizedek's coming to meet Abraham are most striking. As he was passing near Salem, Melchisedec meets him, and entertains him, Genesis 14:13-20. He is preceded and succeeded by an everlasting silence, so as to present neither beginning nor end of life. 14, 15) we read: "Having then a Great High Priest, Who hath passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. For though this honor is ascribed to kings who rule with moderation and in equity, yet this belongs really to Christ alone, who not only exercises authority justly as others do, but also communicates to us the righteous of God, partly when he makes us to be counted righteous by a gratuitous reconciliation, and partly when he renews us by his Spirit, that we may lead a godly and holy life. Here note, That the first personal instituted type of Christ, was Melchizedek, as priest; for in his kingly office he was not so directly typical of Christ. intimating that the righteousness, which is otherwise wanting to us, is brought to us by the coming of Christ. This peace indeed is the fruit of that righteousness which he has mentioned. Virgil (Æn., iii. The writer to the Hebrews wanted to remove these intellectual problems the Jewish Christians had with the gospel. Aphomoiōmenosaccording to Parkhurst, is “made very like.” So also Scott: “The composition is probably intended to add energy; made very like.” And Bloomfield adopts, “being made by the divine decree a type of that great High Priest, who, &c,;” see the notes in Greek Testament. Who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings: Unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils: IT IS NOT LOCAL AND TRANSIENT, LIKE THE AARONIC, BUT UNIVERSAL AND PERPETUAL, LIKE THE MELCHIZEDEKIAN, , after the intervening digression. It was therefore a memorable fact, that there was still a king who not only retained true religion, but also performed himself the office of a priest. A thousand! The expression without genealogy simply means that his genealogy is not given, for from vs. 6 it is evident that he had genealogy: whose genealogy is not counted from them (the sons of Levi). X-Atheist-Satanist comes to #JESUS - Amazing Christian Testimony - … This shows him to be a man, as doth his next title. Cf. Melchisedec, after whose order Christ had been declared to be a priest, was king of Salem. “For this Melchizedek [mentioned in Psalms 110 and who has just been named as that priest according to whose order Christ is called to be Priest] remains a priest continually.” This is the statement on which he wishes to fix attention. The verb does not come until Hebrews 7:3 "abideth.". Most High. The Most High God's prerogative as "Possessor of heaven and earth" is made over to Abraham; and Abraham's glory from his victory is made over to God: a blessed exchange for Abraham. After setting forth these personal features which so endear our Lord to us, the Spirit immediately proceeds to bring before us two great facts, both of which must be laid hold of if we would understand either our present heavenly position and walk, or our future hopes in connection with our Great High Priest. Melchizedek is a mystery-man, but part of the problem is failing to understand the Hebrew idiom and reading too much into the words. Calvary South Denver 8,157 views. Hebrews 7:1-10 Christ, a Priest after the order of Melchisedec, is, proved to be of a more excellent order than that of, Aaron, from the character of Melchisedec, and his. This, however, is now denied, see Moore, Judges, p. 413, who says that the common opinion that Jebus was the native name of the city, has no real ground in O.T. . 7:3 Without father, without mother, without genealogy, he has neither beginning of days nor end of life but is like the son of God, and he remains a priest for all time. For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, who met Abraham as he was returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Tsedeqand is correctly explained as meaning “king of righteousness” - being compounded of two words - “king and righteousness.” Why this name was given to this man is unknown. HEBREWS IVP New Testament Commentary Series. , worshipping the true God with acceptable rites before the apostasy of Ham had, in this region, established idolatry. Melchizedek was greater than Aaron, because he was king as well as high priest. For this Melchisedec,— The apostle had spoken of an high-priest after the order of Melchisedec thrice before, ch. Abraham is returning from the slaughter of the kings (Heb. He met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings. Genesis 14:19 Sacerdotal blessings were authoritative, and that by specal institution. Note especially without genealogy, for Jesus as Son of Man had genealogy: an official genealogy of the house of David (Matt. See the notes on Genesis 14:18; Genesis 14:24. As priest, he first blessed. induced the necessity of a change to one more perfect. This same Jerusalem, where dwelt the Hebrews to whom this epistle was addressed, was the dwelling-place of the type of our great High Priest, as afterward the chosen “dwelling-place” of Jehovah. (1) For this Melchisedec.—The sentence is completed in the last words of Hebrews 7:3, . His name means, King of righteousness (Calvary); his position, and then also King of Salem, means King of Peace (the result of Calvary). The book of Hebrews tells us more about the deity and priesthood of Jesus Christ than any other book in the Bible. He blessed him, And Melchizedek said, Blessed be Abraham of the Most High God, possessor of heaven and earth. "The king's dale" (2 Samuel 18:18), identified in Genesis 14:17 with Shaveh, is placed by Josephus and tradition near Jerusalem. “from the slaughter,” rather “overthrow”; “Niederwerfung” (Weizsäcker); “clades rather than caedes” (Vaughan) translating in Genesis 14:17, , “the kings”; well-known from Genesis 14, viz. Whenever we see an essay headed, “Who was Melchizedek?” we promptly direct our, attention elsewhere. b. "I came forth and am come of God," He said. A vital principle to remember concerning the Old and New Covenants is that what did not originate with the Old Covenant did not die with it.The gist of the argument in Hebrews 7 is that, since the Levitical priesthood has no authority under the New Covenant, the ritual laws pertaining to the priesthood are no longer valid. An EasyEnglish Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on the Letter to the Hebrews. Melchisedec-met Abraham; Genesis 14:18-19. The Nature of Melchizedek’s Priesthood 7:1 Now this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, met Abraham as he was returning from defeating the kings and blessed him. It is thus not in his actual unknown reality, but in the Scripture presentation, that the group of shadowings appears. Hebrews: A Biblical Commentary in the Wesleyan Tradition is part of a commentary series that interprets the books of the Bible from a Wesleyan perspective. In the book of Genesis all we know of him is told in three short, very simple verses. It is a certain sign that a man has not engaged God in getting an estate, when he will not intitle him to any portion of it when it is gotten. The apostle proceeds unto other instances in the description of Melchizedek, wherein he was made like unto the Son of God, Hebrews 7:3. All conjectures which we may form on the subject are out of place. 2. And here will be fulfilled in its time that "mystery of His will made known to us": "According to His good pleasure which He purposed in Him (Christ) unto a dispensation of the fullness of the seasons, to sum up (gather together into one) all things in Christ, the things in the heavens, and the things upon the earth" (Eph. closely connects this passage with the immediately preceding words ’ and introduces the explanation of them. Beyond not only Abraham, Levi, and his posterity, but this great Melchisedec, as to his sacerdotal power and dignity. The counsels of God revealed in Melchizedek, therefore, are prior to those revealed in Aaron and his ministry. The Spirit now proceedeth to prove, that the gospel High Priest is of a far more excellent order than that of Aaron’s, by his being of the order of Melchisedec, of witore they had read, and whom they had in great esteem, and after whose order they were assured, by the prophet David, another Priest was to rise up in the church, rendering Aaron’s priesthood useless, and continuing the only means of reconciling sinners, and bringing them to eternal life, to whom they must cleave. Hebrews 7:1-10 the Greatness of the Melchizedek Priesthood . Salem is a short name for Jerusalem ( Psalm 76:2), where this man was located as both king and priest. is, as a rule, closely followed throughout. He was made like (in his record) to the Son of God--evidently as to the facts of Heb. For is it not true of practically the whole Church, at least in a sad degree, that we "are become dull of hearing ... such as have need of milk"? —The Shemite immigrant rejoiced in the benediction of the Amorite pontiff. Who met Abraham - in company with the king of Sodom. King of Salem—The celebrated Jewish traveller, Joseph Wolfe, “no mean authority on such a subject,” is quoted by Mr. Grove, in Smith’s Biblical Dictionary, as expressing the belief that Salem, signifying peace, is here not the name of a place but a part of Melchizedek’s title. As, , Melchizedek was, doubtless, an Amorite prince, and a descendant of Ham. confessed superiority to Abraham and Levi, Hebrews 7:11-19 from the imperfection of the Levitical priesthood, which. Having asserted, Hebrews 6:20, that Jesus was made from eternity. (Hebrews 7:1-3) Melchizedek had already been mentioned a number of times, but here the author of Hebrews turns to a fuller exploitation of what must be termed the boldest argument in the entire Bible, based upon the historical account of Melchizedek in Genesis 14 and what had doubtless seemed for ages like a minor statement in Psalms 110:4 . We have seen how much instruction our Apostle elicits from what is recorded of the oath in Psalm 95:11, and the same observation applies to the history of Melchisedec, respecting whom we may observe that we can know no more than what Moses records in the Book of Genesis, and the commentary on the account given by our Apostle. International Bible Lesson Commentary Hebrews 7:1-3 & 18-28 This tradition, found in Josephus and in the earliest of the Targums, agrees well with the circumstances of the narrative as far as we can follow them, and seems to deserve acceptance. 1), and a maternal genealogy (Lk. (It is idle to contend that Melchizedek was not connected with sacrifice but with blessing only: Gen. 14 (quoted above), Heb. Wordsworth endeavours to identify Salem with Shechem, which was, indeed, a most memorable spot in patriarchal times, but he only shows a Salem, Shechem, yet not Shechem itself. He could not be a Jewish high priest. The argument of this book is based on both contrasts and likenesses between the two systems. He was a man (Heb. The Jews accepted the fact that Melchizedek was a true priest of the Most High God, even though he was not part of the Aaronic priesthood. . But as peace among the Hebrews means also a prosperous and happy state, it may be so taken here: yet I prefer to understand it here of that inward peace which tranquilizes the conscience and renders it confident before God. , asserting thus at once his superiority (Hebrews 7:7) and his priestly authority. This, therefore, he designs to prove upon principles avowed among themselves, by arguments taken from what had been received and acknowledged in the Jewish Church from the first foundation of it. Note that Melchizedek blessed Abraham. It is by optical truth only, not by corporeal facts, that he becomes a picture, and with his surroundings a visible tableau, into which the psalmist first reads the conception of an adumbration of the eternal priesthood of the Messiah; and all our author does is to develop the particulars which are in mass presupposed by the psalmist. [On the historicity of Genesis 14, see Buchanan Gray in Expositor, May, 1898, and Driver, Authority and Archaeology, pp. also Dalman, Words of Jesus, p. 198; and especially Charles’ edition of Book of Jubilees, pp. Whenever we see an essay headed, “Who was Melchizedek?” we promptly direct our attention elsewhere. —The celebrated Jewish traveller, Joseph Wolfe, “no mean authority on such a subject,” is quoted by Mr. Grove, in Smith’s Biblical Dictionary, as expressing the belief that, is here not the name of a place but a part of Melchizedek’s title. lib. IT IS NOT LOCAL AND TRANSIENT, LIKE THE AARONIC, BUT UNIVERSAL AND PERPETUAL, LIKE THE MELCHIZEDEKIAN, Hebrews 7:1-28. Therefore this passage does not prevent us from believing that Arioch, king of Ellasar, lived and reigned after the disaster. Therefore from eternity to eternity He is such! Roger Hahn. They looked upon them as mediators between God and men, and some went so far as to pay them a kind of religious homage or worship. The present argument, therefore, is concerning that remarkable character. Our Lord exercised priestly functions of care and prayer for His own during His earthly life. In the Armana tablets, Urusalim is the ancient name of this city. Thus he does in typology the very two things Christ will do: first, obtain blessing from God upon His people; second, lead their praise of God, as He says, "In the midst of the congregation (of 'My brethren') will I sing Thy praise" (Ps. It is said simply that when Abraham was returning from a successful military expedition, this man, who it seems was well known, and who was respected as a priest of God, came out to express his approbation of what he had done, and to refresh him with bread and wine. Choose a chapter and verse from 'Hebrews' to begin your 'Verse-by-Verse' study of God's Word using the more than 100 commentaries available on StudyLight.org 11,) Salem, the city of Melchisedec, was Jerusalem. that the group of shadowings appears. Hebrews 7:15. Our High Priest is the Son of God Perfect Forever. He met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings. In this sense he abides a priest for ever. He met Abraham returning from the defeat of … Melchizedek, being priest of God Most High, "possessor of Heaven and earth," must represent Christ leading in worship, in Heaven as well as on earth! Salem Jerusalem; ie seeing peace (Psalms 76:2); not the Salem (Genesis 33:18) which is distinguished by the Salem - Jerusalem; i:e., seeing peace (Psalms 76:2); not the Salem (Genesis 33:18) which is distinguished by the adjunct, "a city of Shechem." Here observe, 1. It is by optical truth only, not by corporeal facts, that he becomes a picture, and with his surroundings a visible tableau, into which the psalmist first reads the conception of an adumbration of the eternal priesthood of the Messiah; and all our author does is to develop the particulars which are in mass presupposed by the psalmist. εὐλόγησε. Observe, 3. He succeeds no one in office and no one succeeds him. In the Ordo Temporum, p. 176, I have taken τὴν κοπὴν, in the strict sense, for the slaughter and destruction of the kings; but the meaning, flight, is also one consistent with the word הכות (LXX. THAT HE HAD NONE OF THOSE THINGS IN THE SCRIPTURAL RECORD, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings. He is a Priest forever after the order of Melchizedek (5:6-10; 6:20; 7:17). “abideth a priest continually;” the connection with the last chapter, therefore, is very clear. μετὰ τὸ ὑποστρέψαι αὐτὸν ἀπὸ τῆς κοπῆς, For this Melchizedek, King of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; to whom also Abraham divided a tenth part of all, first, being by interpretation King of righteousness, and then also King of Salem, which is, King of peace. This was that which our apostle did principally design to confirm from hence, namely, that there was in the Scripture, before the institution of the Aaronical priesthood, a representation of an eternal, unchangeable priesthood, to be introduced into the church; which demonstrated to be that of Jesus Christ, of which Melchizedek's priesthood was a type. Now we read in the Psalms (104:15) of "wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and bread which strengtheneth man's heart"; and Jesse sent bread and wine to King Saul by David (1 Sam. Returning from the slaughter.—Rather, from the smiting, or defeat. After some preliminary observations the Apostle again describes Jesus as made an high priest after the order of Melchisedec, Chap 6:20, and at the same time enters more fully into the account given of him, explaining the mystery and what Moses records concerning this very eminent personage. He blessed Abraham, "who had the promises" (vss. 3. According to Aristotle (Pol., iii. i.e. King of Salem, means King of Peace. Hebrews 7:1-25. For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him. This was a subject of great importance, and is therefore repeated v10. He has hitherto been stimulating the Jews by exhortations, that they might attentively consider the comparison between Christ and Melchisedec. His priesthood is, then, after the order of Melchizedek, not after the order of Aaron (7:11). The translated Bible text has ... Jesus is superior to Melchizedek 7:1-28. (111) It hence follows, that out of his kingdom nothing but sin reigns among men. He was also priest of the most High God, Genesis 14:19, so that he united in his own person the offices of king and priest; he was, therefore, a royal priest. Now they are being asked to accept Jesus as High Priest. To this end he shows, that antecedently to the giving of the law, and the institution of the Levitical priesthood, God had, without any respect thereto, given a typical prefiguration of this priesthood of Christ, in one who was on all accounts superior to the future Levitical priests. Priest of the most high God: his authority in matters of religion, as a prime minister about holy things between God and men, and therefore a man, as Hebrews 5:1, set up by the most high God for himself, and consecrated in his order of priesthood by him, which should most illustriously set out that of his own Son. In Psalms 76:2, “In Salem also is his tabernacle, and his dwelling place in Zion,” unquestionably gives the name of Salem to Jerusalem. To speak briefly: 1. And, "Ye know neither Me, nor My father."). To this effect he had been called of God, and his priesthood was after the order of Melchisedec, which is proved by a quotation from Psalm 110 : Chap 5:6. Unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils: this greatness is evinced by Abraham’s (the patriarch, chief of all the fathers of Israel, whom the Hebrews esteemed above all others, John 8:53, and God owns as his friend, and sets all believers under his fatherhood) giving, as a due to Melchisedec, being the greater person in office, the tenth of all the spoils, that which was due to God, and paid to him as God’s high priest: akroyiniwn notes either the first or choicest of the heaps of grains, especially the first-fruits dedicated to God; but here signifieth that part of the spoils which, according to the custom of war in most nations, after the victory, were offered to God as his part, whether they did consist of persons or things: the tenth part of these were given by him to, Melchisedec, as the greatest priest of God in the world, and superior to himself. Abraham, on God's part; next, he blessed God on Abraham's part: a reciprocal blessing. The argument in the present chapter rests on the certain truth, that God appointed Melchisedec to be a type of Christ in his priestly office, and ordered every thing concerning his history in such a way as to make the type as perfect as it could be in the case of a mere earthly priest. : Amraphel, Arioch, Chedorlaomer and Tidal, i.e., Khammurabi, Eriaku, Kudurlachgumal and Tudchula. We are not to draw from these remarkable words the inference some have drawn, that Melchizedek never was born, nor that he has not died. Yet on no subject has there been a greater variety of opinion than in regard to this man. Hebrews 7 New King James Version (NKJV) The King of Righteousness. We think of the word "order" as denoting inheritance, or succession; but here it denotes character of being, and office. 45 and 73. And Melchizedek said, Blessed be Abraham of the Most High God, possessor of heaven and earth. While it is designed primarily with lay people in mind—Sunday school teachers, Bible study leaders, students of the … The monuments show us that these kings were contemporaries two thousand three hundred years B.C., and furnish many interesting particulars regarding them; see Driver in Authority and Archaeology, pp. 1. He managed all as a priest between his own people and the great God, ruling of them in all matters civil, and teaching and ordering them in all sacred things. These intellectual hang-ups kept them from continuing on to maturity in Jesus. “Rejoice, O daughter of Sion, Behold thy righteous King, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, William Newell's Commentary on Romans, Hebrews and Revelation, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews. It hence follows that wherever Christ’s kingdom extends, there peace ought to be, as we find in Isaiah 2:1, and in other places. Blessed him—The Shemite immigrant rejoiced in the benediction of the Amorite pontiff. Hebrews 5:6; Hebrews 5:10, Hebrews 6:20 and he had hinted, that he had many things to say of him, and hard to be understood; all therefore which has been said in the preceding chapter is a digression; from which he now returns, in order to explain what he meant by strong meat. The author had argued Christ's superiority to Moses and the fact that Christianity was the fulfillment of the promise for a better rest. He met Abraham and blessed him, after the slaughter of the kings who had taken Lot, his nephew, prisoner. The language of the LXX. Hebrews 6:20 from the psalm, and the same who is mentioned in Genesis. Yet it is not in the person of Melchizedek alone, but in the grouping, also, of circumstances around and in his person, that the inspired imagination of the psalmist finds the shadowing points. without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually. Mr. Wolfe had as a friend a sheik in the kingdom of Khiva, whose name was Abder-Rahman, signifying “Slave of the merciful God.” He is also called Shahe-Adaalat, “King of Righteousness,” the same as the Hebrew Melchizedek. . Melchizedek is greater than Abraham (4-10) I. Verses 1-3. Read Introduction to Hebrews. At the end of the last chapter, that he might return from his digression to his subject, he quoted again the passage from the Psalms; and now he enters fully into what he had before slightly referred to; for he enumerates particularly the things connected with Melchisedec, in which he resembled Christ. For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of God Most High, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, to whom also Abraham divided a tenth part of all (being first by interpretation, King of righteousness, and then also King of Salem, which is King of peace, without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like unto the Son of God) abideth a priest continually. 1:9-10). 1), and Son of Man (Ch. He appears an unlineal priest, without father, mother, or pedigree. This city being in Abraham’s way, as he returned from Damascus to Sodom, after the slaughter of the kings, many are of Jerome’s opinion, that the northern Salem was Melchisedec’s city rather than Jerusalem, which was situated farther to the south.” Priest of the most high God — This title given him by Moses, and here taken notice of by the apostle, implies that he had been appointed to that office in a solemn and public manner; and, of consequence, “that there was a priest divinely appointed to officiate for the worshippers of the true God in Canaan, long before the days of Aaron, and before God formed to himself a visible church from any particular family or nation of mankind. He is, you may say, a type of Christ. See Genesis 14:18-20. B. also Acts 16:17; Acts 7:58, also Luke 1:32; Luke 1:35; Luke 1:70; Luke 6:35. He was (vs. 1) King of Salem, priest of God Most High, a dignity high above that of Abraham the Patriarch. 191, 213, who shows that it was the specific title chosen by the Maccabean priest-kings. The next section of Hebrews runs from 7:1 to 10:18. So Genesis 14:17 (cf. But, he comes from the wrong Tribe! (Witham) --- The excellency of this personage was so transcendent, that some of the ancients took him to be an Angel, and some the Holy Ghost. Remember that the Jews were extremely accurate and meticulous in examining the qualifications of one who would be the high priest. Named eight times in Hebrews (besides Gen. 14 and Ps. We should often reflect on these matters regarding Christ which lie at the beginning of the epistle, for they draw out our hearts toward Him Who partook of "blood and flesh ... in like manner" with us. Melchizedek king of Salem, and priest of the Most High God. Ah, but he is more than that! Our Hebrews are on the spot, and can look back through the Antitype to his primeval type, the primitive “King of righteousness” and “peace.” Wordsworth, indeed, objects that Jerusalem, being the special locality of the Hebrew theocracy, was not the proper place for a universal representative priest; but that is forgetting that Jerusalem was then not Hebrew but Gentile. Commentary on Hebrews 7:1-3 (Read Hebrews 7:1-3) Melchizedec met Abraham when returning from the rescue of Lot. In that account there is no difficulty whatever.

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